Oil on linen
60 x 57 inches (152.4 x 144.8 cm)
By the mid-1980s painting had been declared “dead” several times over. But for the contemporary painter Jacqueline Humphries, the medium became a “rogue practice”; however risky, it has remained her foundation. “Painting can adapt to anything,” she notes. Throughout her career Humphries has thus adapted to—and subverted—painting’s formal and discursive conditions, often with reference to both art history and cutting-edge technological formats. Early canvases, such as those in her 1995 Greene Naftali show (the gallery’s first solo presentation), probe the legacy of Abstract Expressionism, envisioning that movement’s chaotic drips not as destructive but constructive—as a sort of code which Humphries manipulates to form the basis of her own works. Balancing conceptual maneuvers and striking opticality in the ample space of her canvases, Humphries, like her peers Laura Owens and Charline von Heyl, betrays “a profound knowledge of how to make, and fake, marks on canvas,” writes Mark Godfrey—“how to navigate the histories and associations of those marks and control what impact they might have on viewers.”
Humphries has extended these strategies into the present, reimagining her analog medium in digital terms, as a screen or interface. “Painting is my machine for thinking,” she says, and whether canvas or computer, she is “using these machines to communicate, to ‘express.’” Her silver paintings of the mid-2000s produce a quasi-cinematic effect, their metallic surfaces providing for both projection and reflection. The subsequent Black Light series utilized fluorescent paint, transmitting past aesthetics—from ’60s psychedelia to ’80s nightclubs—through present communicative networks.
Since the mid-2010s Humphries has studded her canvases (exhibited in a major survey at the Wexner Center for the Arts) with cascading, stenciled Emoticons and ASCII icons: digital languages, already outmoded, rendered in thick oil paint as if to enter real space. Today, “there’s no definitive image,” Humphries points out, “just an endless torrent. The screen itself is the unifying element, and compresses within itself this multitude.” If her art unifies, it remains singular in turn, uniquely attuned to the media of its moment. As the New York Times declared, “few painters today engage with the challenges of new technology as persuasively as Jacqueline Humphries.”
Jacqueline Humphries lives and works in New York. A solo exhibition of her work is on view at the Wexner Center for the Arts through January 2, 2022. Recent solo exhibitions include Dia Art Foundation, The Dan Flavin Art Institute, Bridgehampton, New York (2019); Greene Naftali, New York (2017, 2015); Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (2015); Contemporary Art Center New Orleans (2015); Stuart Shave/Modern Art, London (2014); Greene Naftali, New York (2012); and Prospect.1, New Orleans (2008).
Humphries was included in the 2014 Whitney Biennial. Her work is in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; The Art Institute of Chicago; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; Hessel Museum of Art, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Tate Modern, London; Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris; and Museum Brandhorst, Munich, among others.